Argumentative/Discussion Writing 议论文写作

01,什么叫Argumentative Writing

An argumentative essay is a type of essay that presents arguments about both sides of an issue. It could be that both sides are presented equally balanced, or it could be that one side is presented more forcefully than the other. It all depends on the writer, and what side he supports the most. In this type of writing, the writer needs to explain and support his/her position with research from reliable and credible sources.


The difference between “persuasive essays” and “argument/discussion essays” is that persuasive writing requires the writer to be kinder and gentler.“Argument/discussion essays” require you to discuss and to attack an alternate view, while “persuasive essays” are attempts to convince the reader that you have a believable argument. In other words, you are an advocate, not an adversary.

“说服性论文”和“论据性论文”之间的区别在于,说服性写作要求作家更加友善和温柔。 “论据”要求您讨论和提出另一种观点,而“说服性论文”则试图说服读者您拥有可信的论点。换句话说,您是倡导者,而不是对手。

02,Argumentative Writing的重要性

Debate is a process that involves formal discussion on a particular topic. In a debate, opposing arguments are put forward to argue for opposing viewpoints. Debate occurs in public meetings, academic institutions, and legislative assemblies.


In speaking we “debate” someone to oppose their point of view. In writing we use an argumentative/discussion essay.


In today’s setting, people obtain solutions after making an informed decision. From an educational point of view, the purpose of making students write such essays is so that schools can evaluate a) their knowledge of a topic, and b) their critical thinking skills.


03,Argumentative Writing的组成部分

An argumentative/discussion essay has the following structure:


Title: Tells exactly what the discussion will be about.


Introduction: Introduces the people/groups who have different views and opinions

介绍:介绍有不同意见的人 /团体

Body: Has a series or arguments/reasons for andagainst the topic in structured and organized paragraphs. Uses words such as:“and, as well as, additionally, also, furthermore” to add points validating the writer’s argument. It also uses contrast words such as: “but, although, on the other hand, however, on the contrary, alternatively” when doing a counterargument.


Conclusion: Sums up the arguments and restates the writer’s point of view and why.