澳洲社会学作业代写 神学教育

上面的木刻是卢卡斯·克拉纳克创作的,马丁·路德在1523年委托制作的。木刻被用作许多小册子的封面。克拉纳克是当时备受推崇的工匠,他在1520年代为路德创作了许多其他木刻作品。事实上,他使用克拉赫来创作这些木刻,这表明路德非常注重提高他作品的可及性。虽然有些木刻是由克拉纳赫这样的顶尖艺术家设计的,但斯克里布纳认为,路德把木刻视为自制的杜松子酒:便宜、粗糙、有效。中国英语学习网站这个论点显示,虽然路德的木刻作品的成本各不相同,但他了解印刷图像对他的作品吸引人气的效果。上图将教皇描绘成一个巨大的魔鬼,一个残缺不全的动物形象;教皇的脸被描绘成生物的底部。木刻中使用的意象是为了影响观者。因为有了这个明确的信息,即使那些没有受过神学教育的人也能理解它的基本含义。木刻的使用非常有效。这种信念得到S. T. Chow和R.W.斯克里布纳的支持,显然是在德意志王国传播路德思想的一种有效方法。印刷术提供的媒介对路德作品的传播极为有利。此外,这种媒介使他的作品和意识形态通过木刻和小册子的使用变得更加容易理解。从Pettegree和Chow的观点来看,印刷术和它所创造的媒介对路德教在德国的流行起到了重要的作用。显然,比起神学教义,印刷术对路德的声望负有更大的责任。

澳洲社会学作业代写 神学教育

The woodcut above was created by Lucas Cranach and commissioned by Martin Luther in 1523. The woodcut was used as the cover for many pamphlets. Cranach was a well-regarded craftsman of the time and he created many other woodcut images for Luther throughout the 1520s. The fact that he used Cranach to create these woodcuts, implies Luther was very focused on improving the accessibility of his works. Although some woodcuts were designed by leading artists such Cranach, Scribner believes that Luther valued woodcuts as homemade gin: cheap, crude and effective.[18] This argument shows that although the cost of Luther’s woodcuts varied, he understood the effectiveness of the printed image in attracting popularity for his works. The image above is portraying the Pope as a monstrous devil shown as a mutilated animal figure; the Pope’s face is represented as the bottom of the creature. The imagery used in the woodcut is intended to influence the viewer. Due to the clear message, even those who had no theological education could understand the basic meaning. The use of woodcuts was extremely effective. This belief is supported by S. T. Chow and R.W. Scribner and was evidently an effective method of conveying Luther’s message across the German kingdoms.The medium provided by the printing press was extremely beneficial for the spread of Luther’s works. Furthermore the medium enabled his works and ideologies to become far more accessible through the use of woodcuts and pamphlets. By looking at the arguments from Pettegree and Chow, the printing press and the medium that was created had a significant role in the popularity of Lutheranism within Germany. Evidently the printing press was far more responsible for Luther’s popularity than the theological doctrine.

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